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hardware:channels:meters:power:swissnox_s-watt

Swissnox S-Watt

The Swissnox S-Watt is a cheap S0-Impulse energy meter. Its available on eBay and Amazon for around 18 €.

s-watt_internal.jpg

Modification to get a high pulse-rate output

By doing a few easy steps, you can change your S0 Output to a very high frequency output.

See schematic below. Black wires are already there. Grey wires are also there but only for layout purposes. The red wire shows, where u have to work.

It's very easy to do. Just lift one pin of the Optocoupler and connect it to a via as shown in the picture.

And you're done!

Result

Signal output with a 2,7k pull-down and 9V battery on S0 Output.

One Peak:

40W Bulb

2000W Hair dryer

Calibration

Calibration can be done very easy when you read out the eeprom.

The value on 0x03 multiplied by 2000 is the High Speed imp/kWh.

In the case of the first Swissnox above: 0xCF * 2000 = 410.000 imp/kWh

I verified this, by counting the 7755 pulses between the pulses of the normal S0 output. They are exactly the value 0x03 of the eeprom!

Note that 410.000 imp/kWh are not set in stone. After modifying 16 S-Watts and recalibrating them using actual measurement rather than reading the EEPROM, I found that mine are now between 242 and 256 times faster than before (that would be between 484.000 and 512.000 imp/kWh). Every S-Watt will behave differently after the modification and every one needs to be calibrated.

Impulse Width

The width (duration) of an impulse drops from 70-90ms to 0.5ms after the modification. Depending on what counter you use and how many S-Watts you like to keep track of, it could be easy to miss a few pulses, so it is important to keep this in mind.

It is also likely that with currents greater than 13 amperes (roughly 3000 Watts), the impulse width might decrease even further. Assuming we have an S-Watt measuring 10.000 Watts (it is certified up to 50 amperes = 11.500 Watts) and it produces 500.000 imp/kWh, we'd have 500.000 impulses every 6 minutes, or (roughly) 100.000 imp/min, or ~1400 imp/s. It is unknown to me how the S-Watt would handle such high impulse frequencies.

ToDo

  • Calibrate
  • Process these impulses to use them with vz (i am working on that) → Will be done by vzlogger.

Internals

Opening

The two halves of the case are held together by the (snapped on) covers at the terminals, and slighty glued at the bottom. Jam a large screwdriver in between the case and covers from the bottom (remove the rail clip first, also using a little violence), and pry them off (in some of my devices some glue got in there too, tough luck). then gently pry apart the side covers from the display side, until the glue breaks.

Energy Metering IC

The chip is labeled „ATE7755“, but google turns up nothing for that. It appears that it's a clone of the analog devices ADE7755. All pins i checked so far match the ADE7755 pinout.

„Energy Metering IC with Pulse Output“ – http://www.analog.com/static/imported-files/data_sheets/ADE7755.pdf

Curiously, the only connection between the ATE7755 and the controller is the 7755's „CF“ pin, which is, according to the datasheet:

Calibration Frequency Logic Output. The CF logic output gives instantaneous active power information.
This output is intended to be used for calibration purposes. Also, see the SCF pin description.

The normal pulse output pins (F1 and F2) are not connected. The output signal to the optocoupler is generated by the controller.

Some measurements of the signal (kd302 used as reference):

power (approx.) pulse distance (approx.)
37w 220ms
800w 11ms
1760w 5ms

That just leaves the question of how calibration is handled.

Controller

EEPROM

I2C>W
Power supplies ON
I2C>P
Pull-up resistors ON
I2C>[0b10100000 0 0]
I2C START BIT
WRITE: 0xA0 ACK 
WRITE: 0x00 ACK 
WRITE: 0x00 ACK 
I2C STOP BIT
I2C>[0b10100001 r:256]
I2C START BIT
WRITE: 0xA1 ACK 
READ: ...

(When the large capacitor(?) is connected, the board can't be powered from the bus pirate, because it assumes there's a short. The board in the picture has the large power supply components removed for taking pictures of the PCB.)

This is from a device that's still at 0.00kWh:

00: 0x00 0xFF 0x00 0xCF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF
08: 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0x00
[all 0xFF]
78: 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0x10 0xFF
[all 0xFF]
E8: 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0x55 0xFF 0xFF
[all 0xFF]
F8: 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0x00

This is the device used for the CF measurements above, counter at 0.07kWh:

00: 0x00 0xFF 0x00 0xCD 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF
08: 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0x07
[all 0xFF]
78: 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0x10 0xFF
[all 0xFF]
E8: 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0x55 0xFF 0xFF
[all 0xFF]
F8: 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0x00

So the second line must be the counter value, with unused places left at 0xFF. The first line (only difference between the two) must be the calibration value?

Connectors

J2

power, calibration, programming(?)

pin description
1 (at „J2“ label)+5V
2i2c SCL (eeprom)
3to controller (with pull-down resistor)
4to controller
5i2c SDA (eeprom)
6GND

PCB Revisions

Either there are different versions of the device, or the above schematic is not 100% correct. Also, a not connected pin on the controller is misused to route a trace (red) under the controller. ew…

I dont think there are different versions of the device because your picture shows the same circuit as determined in the shematic above. Just the routing is different. Have a closer look.
In my device, CF is connected to portA.0, your schematic connects CF to portB.3, which is i2c SCL in my device.
hardware/channels/meters/power/swissnox_s-watt.txt · Zuletzt geändert: 2013/02/10 13:15 von final